How do I brush my teeth?

You should brush your teeth for two minutes, twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Choose a soft-bristled brush that fits your mouth and place the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to the gums. Gently move the brush back and forth in short, tooth-wide strokes. Brush the outer surfaces, the inner surfaces, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth. To clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, tilt the brush vertically and make several up-and-down strokes. Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and keep your breath fresh.

How does a tooth decay?

Plaque causes tooth decay. Plaque is a clear bacteria film, which develops on the teeth. The bacteria in plaque interact with the sugars we eat and forms an acid, which breaks down or de-mineralizes your teeth forming a cavity.
 Proper brushing and flossing removes  plaque, thus prevents formation of cavities . Routine visits to dentist are of utmost importance not only in the early detection of cavities but also, in maintaining a healthy mouth. Regular professional cleaning and fluoride treatments by dentist helps to prevent tooth decay.
There are several things that you can do on your part to prevent tooth decay. The most important factor is the diet. What you eat plays a very important role in the overall well being of your mouth and the rest of your body. Since sugars are directly related to the breakdown process of teeth, which causes decay, eliminating sugar from the diet will have a direct impact on cavities. Certain foods helps to keep the mouth in a healthy state like whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease or Periodontal disease. Also called as gingivitis, is the most common cause of tooth loss. The reason being, gums disease attacks the gums as well as the jawbones, which holds the tooth socket. As the bone resorbs  from around your teeth, your teeth become mobile and eventually fall out due to loss of adequate bone support. Anyone at any age is susceptible to gum disease. Improper tooth brushing and flossing causes deposition of plaque which gradually leads to formation of calculus causing  periodontal disease.

Bleeding gums are the first sign of gum disease. Puffy, tender, red gums indicate infection of gums. Routine and regular visits to your dentist are the best way of detecting gum disease in its early stages before too much damage has been caused to bone. Gum diseases are not self-limiting and cannot be treated with improved home care. The only treatment of gum diseases is professional cleaning done by dentist under the appropriate antibiotic coverage. Once you have had a gum problem you will always be susceptible to recurring problems, so be sure to visit dentist on a regular basis - every two to three months.


Why do  I feel pain to hot and cold beverages?

If hot or cold foods make you wince, you may have a common dental problem—sensitive teeth. Sensitivity in your teeth can happen for several reasons, including:

tooth decay (cavities)

fractured teeth

worn fillings

gum disease 

worn tooth enamel                                                           

exposed tooth root

Sensitive teeth can be treated. Your dentist may recommend desensitizing toothpaste or an alternative treatment based on the cause of your sensitivity. Proper oral hygiene is the key to preventing sensitive-tooth pain.

Can missing teeth be replaced? 

Did you know that the average adult between the ages of 20 and 64 has two or more decayed or missing teeth? If you are missing one or more teeth, there are plenty of reasons to correct the problem. For one thing, a large space between your teeth may affect how you speak or eat. Even if it’s not noticeable, a missing molar can affect the way you chew your food. Remaining teeth may shift and in some cases, bone loss can occur around a single missing tooth causing mal-alignment of rest of the teeth present in your mouth.. With today’s advances, you don’t have to suffer from missing teeth.

Here are some options to replace a lost tooth or teeth. Talk to a dentist about which option is best for you: 

Bridges. Anchored to your adjacent teeth, these can be removable or fixed, depending on your mouth, your dentist’s recommendation and your needs.

Dentures. An option if you’ve lost all or most of your teeth.

Implants. Most similar to a natural tooth in terms of aesthetics and function. Most recommended treatment in cases of missing teeth. Easy to maintain as well.


 How do whitening toothpastes work and how effective are they?

All toothpastes help remove surface stains through the action of mild abrasives. Some whitening toothpastes contain gentle polishing or chemical agents that provide additional stain removal. Whitening toothpastes can help remove surface stains only and do not contain bleach; over-the-counter and professional whitening products contain hydrogen peroxide  that helps remove stains on the tooth surface as well as stains deep in the tooth. None of the home use whitening toothpastes can come even close to producing the whitening effect you get from your dentist's office through the chair-side bleaching or power bleaching. Whitening toothpastes can lighten your tooth's color by about one shade. In contrast, light-activated whitening conducted in your dentist's office can make your teeth three to eight shades lighter.

How safe are dental X-rays?

Exposure to all sources of radiation -- including the sun, minerals in the soil, appliances in your home, and dental X-rays -- can damage the body's tissues and cells and lead to the development of cancer. Fortunately, the dose of radiation you are exposed to during the taking of X-rays is extremely small.

Advances in dentistry over the years have lead to the low radiation levels emitted by dental X-rays. Some of the improvements are new digital X-ray machines that limit the radiation beam to the small area being X-rayed, higher speed X-ray films that require shorter exposure time compared with older film speeds to get the same results. Use of film holders that keeps the X-Ray film in place in the mouth, which prevents the film from slipping and therefore, limits need for repeat the X-rays.

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